Effects of improved fish production technology on the output of fish farmers in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

J.A. Akangbe, G.E. Ajiboye, Komolafe Sola Emmanuel


The study examined the effects of improved fish production technology on the output of fish farmers in Ilorin Kwara State, Nigeria. A total of 125 respondents were selected. Primary data was collected with the use of structured questionnaire. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were employed for the study. Mean age of respondents was 39.8 years. Also majority were male (83.2%), had tertiary education (84.0%) and kept Catfish (90.4%). The mean income earned was N 1,012,320.00. Commonly used/ adopted improved fish technologies were floating feeds (84.8%), standard feeding regimes (84.0%), improved breeds of fingerlings (80.0%) and provision of inlet and outlet devices in pond (78.4). Farmers’ perceptions were that the use of improved fish production technology saves time (mean=1.34), increases profit/improved income (mean=1.12) and conserves fish farmers’ energy (mean=1.08). This study found average increase in output: input ratio as 0.77 kg of harvest per fish fingerlings stocked due to improved fish technology when compared to that before adoption of improved technology. Most indicated constraints faced by fish farmers were inadequate capital (88.0%), high cost of feed (79.2%) and high cost of fingerlings (71.2%). Profit increase/improved income of catfish farmers via higher yield/harvest due to adoption of new technology was found to be positively correlated with age (p<0.01), gender(p<0.05), and experience (p<0.05). The study concluded that the use of fish improved technology had positively influenced harvest of catfish farmers in the study area. The study recommend the need for training, workshops and seminars for  catfish farmers on how they could have easy access to land, feeds at affordable rate and sources of fund at minimal interest rate.  

Keywords. Catfish farmers, fish production, improved technology, socio-economics

Full Text:



Abiona BG, Fakoya EO, Apantaku SO, Alegbeleye WO, Ajayi MT, Obasa SO, Arowolo K. 2012. Assessment of Farmer’s Technologies on Integrated Fish Farming and Non – Integrated Fish Farming in Ogun State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research Agriculture & Biology 12 (2): 1-8.

Adefalu LL, Aderinoye-Abdulwahab SA, Bello OG, Olorunfemi OD, Oba SA. 2013. Information Needs of Fish Farmers in Ilorin Metropolis, Kwara State Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment 9(2): 1-5.

Agbamu JU. 2006. Essentials of Agricultural Communication in Nigeria. Malthouse Ltd. pp. 65-73.

Ashaolu OF, Akinyemi AA, Nzekwe LSO. 2006. Economic Viability of homestead Fish Production in Abeokuta Metropolis of Ogun State Nigeria. Asset Series A 6(2): 209-220.

Chioma GN, Adebayo Z. 2012. Constraints to Fish Farming Among Women in Nigeria. Advances in Environmental Biology 6(4): 1421-1425.

Delgado CL, Wada N, Rosegrant MW, Meijer S, Ahmed M. 2003. The Future of Fish: Issues and Trends to 2020. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington DC, USA, pp 19: 1-22.

Ezedinma CI, Oti NN. 2001. Socio-economic issues in the development of cassava processing technology in Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment 3(1):120- 126.

Ekong E.E. 2003. An introduction to rural sociology (2nd edition). Uyo. Nigeria dove educational publishers. Pp 259-285.

FAO. 2004. The state of world fisheries and aquaculture. 2003. Rome: FAO Fisheries.

FAO. 2006. Fisheries management in the Federal Republic of Nigeria. www.fao.org/fi/fcp/en/NGA/ body, retrieved on April 13, 2015.

Fakoya EO. 2000. Farmers Use of Sustainable Land Management Practices in Ondo State, Nigeria. Unpublished PhD. Thesis, Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, University of Ibadan. pp 160.

Fasakin EA. 2008. Fish as Food: Yesterday, Today and Forever. Inaugural Lecture Series 48; The Federal University of Technology, Akure. pp 6-7.

FDF. 2005. Report of Presidential Committee on Fisheries and Aquaculture Development, Volume One: Consolidated report. September, 2005. 63pp.

Ideba EE, Otu WI, Essien AA, Iniobong EO, Ekaette SU. 2013. Economic Analysis of Fish Farming in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences 3(7): 542-549.

Ike SE, Onyishi GC, Ukwuaba GC, Oluason VA. 2009. Farm evaluation of profitability and farmer’s acceptability of Bambara Nut waste as major protein supplement in fish diet in Heterobranchus and Tilapia spp polyculture. Proceedings of National Farming System Research Network held at Umudike. pp. 127-129.

Issa FO, Abdulazeez MO, Kezi DM, Dare JS, Umar R. 2014. Profitability analysis of small scale catfish farming in Kaduna State Nigeria, Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development 6(8): 267-273.

KWADP. 2000. Kwara State Agricultural Development Project Annual Report, pp. 3-7.

Lakra WS, Ayyappans AF. 2003. Recent Advances on Biotechnology Applications to Aquaculture. Central Institute of Fisheries Education, (Indian Council of Agricultural Research), Versova, Mumbai.

Langy A, Mekura M. 2005. Modelling agricultural technology adoption using the software STAT. A paper presented at a training course organised by CIMMUTALP for its NARS partners in Southern Africa on econometric application of modelling technologies.

Nwachukwu I, Onuegbu R. 2007. Adoption of Aquaculture Technology by Fish Farmers in Imo State of Nigeria. The Journal of Technology Studies 33(1): 57-64.

Ofuoku AN, Emah GN, Itedjere BE. 2008. Information utilization among rural fish farmers in Central Agricultural Zone of Delta State Nigeria. World Journal of Agricultural Science 4 (5): 558 – 564.

Oladoja M A, Adedoyin SE, Adeokun OA. 2008. Training needs of fisher folks on fishing technologies. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment Science and Technology 6(1): 95-198.

Ogunwale B. 2000. Communication channels for information dissemination on poverty alleviation among small scale farmers in Oyo State. Paper presented at AESON Conference, UI Ibadan, Nigeria.

Oladele OI, Sakagami J, Toriyama K. 2006. Research-Extension-Farmer linkage System in Southwestern Nigeria, Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment 4(1): 197-200.

Olaoye OJ. 2010. Dynamics of the Adoption Process of Improved Fisheries Technologies in Lagos and Ogun States Nigeria. Ph. D thesis, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. pp. 337.

Olaoye OJ, Ashley-Dejo SS, Fakoya EO, Ikeweinwe NB, Alegbeleye WO, Ashaolu FO, Adelaja OA. 2013. Assessment of Socio-Economic Analysis of Fish Farming in Oyo State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research Agriculture and Veterinary 13(9): 45-55.

Okunlola JO. 2010. Factors influencing Adoption of Rubber Based Technologies among Small Holder Farmers in Delta state Nigeria. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment 8(2): 391-394.

Okunlola, JO, Oludare AO, Akinwalere BO. 2011. Adoption of new technologies by fish farmers in Akure, Ondo state Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Technology 7(6): 1539-1548.

Raufu MO, Adepoju MO, Salau AS, Adebiyi OA. 2009. Determinants of yield performance in small scale fish farming in Alimosho Local Government Area of Lagos state. International Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development 2(1): 9-14.

Ruma YA. 2008. Fish production systems. A workshop held at Enugu State University, fisheries project.

Ume SI, Uloh VE, Okoronkwo MO. 2009. Adoption of improved rice production technologies by farmers in Anambra State. Ebonyi technology and vocational education journal 3(1): 1- 7.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons Licence
Ruhuna Journal of Science by University of Ruhuna is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

eISSN: 2536-8400

Print ISSN: 1800-279X (Before 2014)